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# Simple and Useful LED Circuits

Due to the advantages like low voltages, long life, cheap, reliable, fast on-off switching etc, the LED’s are used in many applications. The various applications of LED are,

• All kinds of visual displays i.e. seven segment displays and alpha numeric displays. Such displays are commonly used in the watches and calculators.
• In the optical devices such as optocouplers.
• As on-off indicator in various types of electronic circuits.
• Some LED’s radiate infrared light which is invisible. But such LED’s are useful in remote controls and applications like burglar alarm.

Other simple applications of LED are :

### 1) LED as a Polarity indicator :

Sometimes you need to know which wire/node is positive polarity and which wire/node is negative polarity.The LED as a polarity indicator circuit is show in above diagram. In the diagram as you can see two LED’s are placed in opposite directions so when one LED is ON the other LED will be OFF. I have used Red and Green LED’s.  When node A is positive green LED glows while when node B is positive, Red LED glows. This indicates polarity of the input d.c voltage .

### 2) LED as a Continuity tester:

The above shown circuit is LED as continuity tester. This circuit is used for checking continuity of cables, connectors and switches. When A and B terminals are shorted, the LED glows due to battery connected inside indicating the presence of continuity.

### 3) LED as a High a.c voltage indicator:

To prevent the reverse biased destruction rectifier diode D is used. The presence of voltage is instead of  series resistor, a capacitor is used whose reactance Xc which is ( 1/2 πfC )Ω limits the current. Advantage of using capacitor is that it does not consume any power hence total power dissipation is less.

### 4) LED as a Blown fuse indicator:

When fuse is working, it provides short circuit path bypassing LED circuit. So LED is OFF. If fuse opens the line voltage drives the LED through capacitor and thus LED glows. Thus blown fuse condition is indicated.

Not only these there are many useful applications of diode.
What do you say..??

## 15 Comments

• jtelectric

Does changing the voltage change the value of c1

• Prabhuta

Thanks for the great article ! ^_^

• Awadh Bisher

Starting to learn new things at basics. Thnx a million guys. This are the type of things I’ve ben looking 4.

• nilesh

Sir please give me a sum of the basic on led

• cpalconet

simple and ellegant ideas.

• ajith

how can i connect single led with 220v ac supply

• bansari26

pls put some basic circuit so that we can learn it simply

• rattan

keep on uploading some more circuit designs which we can study and talk about for discussions..good work keep it up!!

• rattan

thanks….srihari it really helped me in my college project thnx a lot!!!!! very useful and easy to understand basics.

• kiranvarma-npeducations

In blown fuse indicator, what type of diodes that can be used. IS IN4007 is enough or any other number is needed. any way simple and neat post! please mention the values of the diodes.

• Srihari Rao

Kiranverma you can use 1N4007 diode and if you use LED which will operate at 20mA then don’t forget to use a 300nF capacitor as C1. And if you use LED whose current is 10mA then use 150nF capacitor. 🙂

• taha emara

what kind of cap? electrolyte or ceramic

• Jim Keith

Use a film type capacitor- -gum drop style- -ceramic capacitors generally do not have sufficient voltage rating at this capacitance level.

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