Moderately priced Passive Infrared PIR Sensor modules are now widely available. By using these readymade and pre-configured PIR sensors, even an average electronics hobbyist can construct his/her own Motion Sensor Unit.
The one evening project presented here is based on a common and very popular PIR module SB0061, priced below $7.
Check out the updated version of this circuit.
SB0061 is a pyroelectric sensor module,developed for human body detection. A PIR detector combined with a fresnel lens are mounted on a compact size PCB together with an analog IC (SB0061) and limited components to form the module. High level output (3.3V) of pre-settable variable width (5Secs -18 Minutes) is provided.
Circuit diagram of the PIR Motion Sensor Light and Switch based on SB0061 shown here can be used for security or corridor lighting in power saving mode. The 12V DC supply required for the whole circuit can be fed from any standard 12V ac mains adaptor/battery.
Working of the circuit is simple and straight forward. When any movement is detected within near 5-6 metres, around 3.3 Volt is appeared at the base of Transistor T1 and it conducts to fire the next relay driver transistor T2. As a result, the 12V DPDT relay is energised to power the White LED through current limiting resistor R3. Spare relay contacts can be used as a switch to control any suitable external load. The white LED and the relay remains ON for a duration based on the mono time setting in SB0061, ie from 5 Secs to 18 Minutes.