Advertisement

Cellphone Charger Using Bike Battery

This is the simple and easy way to tap current from a Motor Bike battery to charge the Mobile Phone. Most of the Mobile Phone battery pack has three 1.2 volt cells making the voltage to 3.6 volts. For fast charging of the battery pack, each cell requires more than 1.2 volts and sufficient current. This circuit can deliver 5 volts at 300 mA to charge the battery quickly. The circuit is Voltage and Current regulated and with Polarity and Surge protection components.

Mobile Charger using Bike Battery Circuit Schematic

The circuit uses a Positive Voltage regulator IC 7805 to give 5 volt regulated output. The components around IC1 are meant for protecting the IC so as to give smooth output power. Zener diode ZD act as the Input Surge protecting diode. It provides 7.2 volts to the input of the regulator IC from the 12 volt bike battery. Diode D1 is the Output Surge and Input Short protecting diode.

When a surge voltage exceeding maximum voltage rating of the regulator is applied to the input or when a voltage in excess of the input voltage is applied to the output, the regulator will be destroyed. If the input terminal shorts with the ground, the output voltage increases above the input voltage(ground potential)and the charge in the capacitor connected to the output flows into the input side which is also fatal to the regulator. Both these situations can be avoided by using the Zener at the input and the diode D1 across the regulator. Capacitor C1 and C2 provide stability to the regulator and these should be soldered close to the legs of the regulator. Capacitor C3 act as a buffer to give constant voltage in the output.
7805 Datasheet

7805 IC can tolerate maximum 35 volts and its current rating is 1 Amps maximum. Resistor R1 restricts the charging current to around 330 mA as per the Ohms law. Even if the current is low, charging process will not be affected. Slow charging with 80 to 100 mA current is generally advised. But in case of an emergency, quick charging can be done with high current

Assemble the circuit on a Perfboard and enclose in a small case that can be fitted near the Bike battery. Use suitable pins to connect with the Mobile phone. Charging current can be tapped from the battery using Alligator Clips. Before using the circuit, double check the connections especially the polarity of connectors and measure output voltage and current using a Digital Multi Meter. The same circuit can be used for charging Mobile battery from 12 volt Car battery or from a 12 volt Solar panel.

IC 7805 Pin connection and Alligator Clips

49 Comments

Join the conversation!

Error! Please fill all fields.
  • SambathKumar

    I would suggest to remove the 100 ohm and put 2 no in5403 diodes in series to the in put supply and also avoid using the zener now your in put voltage is limited to 10.8v the diode provides an input polarity protection also,provide a diode on the 2nd pin of the ic in4007 cathode going to ground this is to lift the out put voltage to 5.6v
    c3 to be shifted to pin no 1 ,now provide a in 5399( 2amps) diode in series to the 3rd pin also provide a current limiting resistor of value 22 ohms 1 watt in series to in5399 this diode is required to prevent discharge of the bat during any out put faulty condition of the ic now your out put voltage is fixed at 5v and the max current fixed at 227 ma rounded to220ma.since the current is limited to 220 ma
    it will not harm the ic as per the manufacturer the input for 7805 7.5v-2to 2.55 internal drop if the current drawn is less than 300 ma nothing will happen in this case 220ma is sufficent we have used 12v input direct for 555 for circuit blinkers in the road traffic purpose with out any problem. Pl provide heatsink for 7805

  • aswin ashok

    This is not useful.i tried this charger using my bike battery.
    It gives 5v o/p but my phone does not charge.what can i do?

  • rahul

    dear sir i had tried with your given circuit and i am getting 5 volt o/p also. but still my 2600mah battery is not charging,it show charger is connected but instead of charging it start discharging the battery.pls help to rectify the problem.

  • BASIL.CT

    Ic heating so.what is solution

  • shekar

    I want all electronic components where I get? any online in AP

  • ananth

    When I connect ic 7805 in my bike while connect my mobile phone the ic gets heat the charge connect&disconnect continuously comes pls give me any idea

  • I need help

    Greetings,

    I need to know that is that any way i can get a output of around 5v and 1~2A from a 12vDc 0.5A battery?

    If yes then some idea how it can be done?

    Thanks in àdvance.

  • neel

    Sir
    I want to use another signal to reclose the circuit.
    In a simple manner the circuit will be operate remotely in which it can be open or close by two different signals.
    If it is possible then plz give your mail id or another contact details.

  • C.Mitra

    Neel
    There is no such single component which can behave in the manner that you want. It seems what you need is a relay which is normally closed, but on applying a voltage to the associated circuit, it opens. But you want it to remain open even after the signal is removed. But then how do you want it to close again? Does it need to be closed under certain conditions? Please clarify.

  • C.Mitra

    Hi Neel
    I don’t know what you mean by ” i want to make a circuit which can open circuit”. A circuit which can open a circuit? What circuit do you want to open? Please write your requirements in clear understandable English.
    Thanks

    • neel

      Sir
      Plz suggest any component which can use as a switching device.
      Basic requirement is the component can work as closed switch in normal conditions, and it can be open by a single electric signal and will remain open even after signal is disconnected.

Looking for the latest from TI?