Portable Power Supply Circuit

Here is an ideal Power Supply Unit for trouble shooting the circuit boards. It gives Five and Nine volt regulated DC from a Rechargeable battery. It is portable and handy and can also functions as a Mobile Charger. Transformer less power supply is used in the circuit to charge the battery from mains. This makes the unit compact and light weight.

The circuit has two sections. The front end is a charger section with capacitor C1 as the main element. It is an X rated 400 Volt AC capacitor that reduce the 230 volt AC to low volt AC through the Rectance property. Low volt AC is then rectified by the full wave bridge rectifier comprising D1 through D4.

Resistor R1 bleeds the stored current from C1 when the power is disconnected. Resistor R2 reduces the inrush current into the circuit at power on. Rectified AC is then made ripple free by C2 for charging the 9 Volt Rechargeable battery. Zener diode ZD regulates the charging voltage to 15 volts and resistors R3 and R4 gives around 80 to 100 mA charging current. Diode D6 prevents discharge of battery back to the bridge.

Variable resistor VR1 and transistor T1 forms a voltage indicator. LED lights when the battery is fully charged and goes off if the battery voltage reduces below 7 volts. VR1 sets the low voltage level. This prevents deep discharge of battery. When the circuit is connected to mains and S1 is in ON position, battery charges through D5, R3, R4 and D6. When the unit is unplugged from mains, 9 volt output power will be available from the battery. Voltage regulator IC1 gives 5 volt DC. Switch S2 can be used to select 9 v or 5v output.

Portable Power Supply Circuit diagram

Note: Connect a fully charged 9 Volt battery and adjust VR1 till the LED light up. During this adjustment, the circuit should be disconnected from the mains. Use the power supply only after disconnecting it from Mains. The 5volt DC from it can be used for charging the Mobile phone. Use a suitable pin for that. Rechargeable battery can be an ordinary PP3 battery or High current NiMh battery.


Caution: Shock Hazard! This circuit is directly powered from High volt AC. This circuit should not be constructed if you are not experienced in handling high volts. Do not touch or test any points when the circuit is connected to mains. Electroschematics is not responsible for any casuality due to careless handling of the circuit.

9 V Rechargeable Battery -Ordinary and High current


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