Here is a simple tester for Hobbyists. This LED Component tester can test the integrity of electronic components from resistors to ICs before soldering. It reduces the job of testing the components using multimeter. The tester gives LED indications about the Good or Bad conditions of the components. A White LED torch is added to verify the value of the components if light is not sufficient.
The circuit layout is straight forward. Two bipolar NPN transistors are used to drive two LEDs based on their base bias. When the tester is switched on through S2, Red LED lights because T2 gets base bias through R2. At the same time, Green LED remains off because the base of T1 is floating .
When a component is placed between the Probes, electrical continuity establishes and T1 gets base current through R1. When T1 conducts, Green LED turns on and Red LED turns off since the base of T2 is grounded when T1 conducts. This indicates that the component under test is good. In short Green LED lights only when a good component is connected to the probes. If the component is bad, probes will not get electrical continuity and T1 remains off. In this state only Red LED light indicating that the component is bad. Test procedure is given below.